In 2 Pet. 1:10, the same Greek word (???????) has been translated into recent English-Bible editions as “election” (e.g., ESV, 2001 edition) or “choosing” (e.g., NASB, 1995 edition).  Both the ESV and NASB translations are ‘word-for-word’ translations rather than ‘thought-for-thought’ translations.  ‘Thought-for-thought’ translations mean that the translators concoct the thought content of the original human authors as they wrote the material which has become the New Testament.

The popular NIV, 1978 edition is a combination of ‘thought-for-thought’ and ‘word-for-word’ translations.

In our current culture, the word “election” implies an individual has been selected by a majority vote, whereas “choosing” implies selection by another single individual.

Either way, the elected or chosen individual is not self-appointed.

Spiritually speaking, it is God Himself who does the “election”/“choosing.”

In 2 Pet. 1:10, the word preceding “election” (ESV) or “choosing” (NASB) is the word “calling.”  In Peter’s sentence, “calling” is connected to the words “election” (ESV) or “choosing” (NASB) by the simple conjunction “and.”

Please note: God alone is the One who does the calling which is sequentially preceded firstly by God’s foreknowledge, and secondly by His predestination (cf. Rom. 8:29).  Foreknowledge and predestination likely occurred before God’s physical creation.

Furthermore, in Rom. 8:30, Paul made it clear—in his uninterrupted sequence of God’s salvation—that those called will be both justified and glorified (i.e., destined for heaven).  But, in Paul’s sequence, elect/chosen believers are never mentioned!  This strongly suggests that being elect/chosen is not something that takes place spiritually for all believers.

To express this in another way, all believers are called—and will end up in heaven—but not all believers are both called and elect/chosen.

This spiritual reality of all believers not being elect/chosen is recognized only by those believers who are both called and elect/chosen.


2 Peter 1:10


ESV  “Therefore, brothers, be all the more diligent to confirm your calling and election, for if you practice these qualities you will never fall.”


NASB  “Therefore, brethren, be all the more diligent to make certain about His calling and choosing you; for as long as you practice these things, you will never stumble;”


NIV  “Therefore, my brothers and sisters, make every effort to confirm your calling and election. For if you do these things, you will never stumble,”


Romans 8:29-30


NASB  29“For those whom He foreknew, He also predestined to become (italicized words added by translators) conformed to the image of His Son, so that He would be the firstborn among many brethren;  30and these whom He predestined, He also called, and these whom He called, He also justified; and these whom He justified, He also glorified.”




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