An intriguing parable taught by the Lord distinguished between those called by God and those chosen by God.  Since the information about the difference between these two initiatives by God toward humans was presented in parable form, it is necessary to interpret the parable’s elements to gain an accurate understanding of the parable’s intended meaning.  This essay will present the parable’s interpretation and then summarize some theological realities about one’s call and one’s choice.


Outline of the Parable

The parable was recorded by Matthew in his gospel (Matt: 22:1-14).  The context of the parable was God’s removal of Jewish management of His kingdom (Matt. 21:43-45).  No doubt, some of Jesus’ disciples heard this parable.  The obvious conclusion from the context is that God does what God wants to when He wants to.

The parable was divided into two sections: section one covered the time frame from Jesus’ resurrection to the Roman destruction of Jerusalem (Matt. 22:1-7).  The second section spanned the time frame from the tribulation’s beginning to Jesus’ second coming (Matt. 22:8-14).


Elements of the Parable, Section One




Elements of the Parable, Section Two



Following are some lexical and theological observations from Jesus’ parable.

From the New Testament Greek lexicon, God’s calling and God’s choice are not biblical synonyms.  Two different words are used with two quite different and specific meanings.

Theologically, the following observations/conclusions may be listed:

The apostle Paul made it clear that both God’s calling and God’s choice are quite independent of what a person is, or what a person does (Rom. 9:10-18).  The theological reality of God’s sovereignty in these matters is: saints cannot change God’s call of the unsaved through prayer.  His timing of His call may be subject to prayer, but not the object of His call.  Further, a believer may legitimately pray for the timing of God’s choice of another believer, but not God’s selection of whom He will choose.

God does not intend that all humans be saved from eternal judgment—only those He calls.  Finally, God does not intend all believers to be chosen, for instance, as Paul was.  There are, however, certain characteristics a chosen believer exhibits that may be properly emulated by the “chosen” population.





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